Animals have a variety of organs to carry out the many physiological processes (such as digestion, respiration, circulation, and excretion) that sustain life. Each organ is made up of specialised cells and tissues that work together to perform a specific function. Consequently, physiological systems are organised into hierarchies with cells at one level performing processes that contribute to the functioning of the tissues at the next level. These tissues in turn contribute to the function of organs, which in turn contribute to the function of organ systems. The maintenance of these different levels requires various types of feedback mechanisms as well as compartmentalisation and integration of activities.
Understanding animal physiology requires a basic knowledge of the anatomy of an organism. In this article, you will learn the basics of animal anatomy. You will also learn how to read and interpret an anatomical diagram.
The first thing to know about animal anatomy is that it is highly complex. Animal bodies are composed of many different types of cells and tissues, each arranged in different ways. The most common form of animal cells are called eukaryotic cells. There are two types of eukaryotic cells: prokaryotic and eukaryotic. Prokaryotes are more primitive than eukaryotes, but they still have many important functions in an animal body.
Prokaryotes are found in all parts of an animal’s body, but they are especially abundant in the digestive system, skin, muscles, and other tissues that make up the body’s interior. They also live inside the walls of your bones and in the joints between them. These tiny microbes play a major role in the regulation of your metabolism, digestion, immune system, respiration, and other bodily processes that involve energy production or use.
In addition to these functions, prokaryotes also help to break down waste products such as ammonia (urine) and carbon dioxide
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About The Book Principles of Animal Physiology Pdf
Principles of Animal Physiology combines clear explanations and a superior art program to set a new standard for animal physiology textbooks. With thorough coverage of the cellular and molecular basis of animal physiology, an overarching evolutionary theme, and an emphasis on the integration of physiological systems, Christopher Moyes and Patricia Schulte present animal physiology in a current, balanced, and accessible way, allowing readers to understand and retain the information. Large, carefully designed, full-color artwork guides readers through complex systems and processes while in-text pedagogical tools help them learn and remember the material.
Principles Of Animal Physiology Pdf Download includes the most up-to-date research on animal genetics and genomics, methods and models, and offers a broad range of vertebrate and invertebrate examples, with a reader-friendly writing style that is consistently clear and engaging. Introduction to Physiological Principles, Chemistry of Life, Cell Metabolism and Physiology, Hormones and Cell Signaling, Neuron Structure and Function, Cellular Movement and Muscles, Sensory Systems, Functional Organization of Nervous Systems, Circulatory Systems, Respiratory Systems, Ion and Water Balance, Digestion, Locomotion, Thermal Biology, Reproduction. For all readers interested in learning the principles of animal physiology.
About The Principles of Animal Physiology Pdf Author
Christopher D. Moyes is the author of Principles of Animal Physiology